As a group we now call them Turkmen Rugs. The old name in common usage was Turkoman Rugs but the trend today is to drop Turkoman rugs in favor of Turkmen rugs in the common usage. Earlier they were called Bukhara or Afghan rugs. We use Turkmen rug because the weavers are Turkmen who speak one of the dialects of the Turkmen language. When in doubt we can categorize people by their “milk” language. If a woman’s primary language is the Teke dialect of Turkmen then we call her a Teke Turkmen and if she weaves a rug then it is a Tekke Turkmen Rug. It would be more correct to say Teke Rugs but Tekke rugs is accepted in the rug dealer/collector community. Interestingly the rugs generally fall into groups that correspond to language. This has caused me to come to the conclusion that weaving is an unspoken language.
Turkmen as a language is a branch of the Ohguz language. Ohguz is made up of Turkmen, Northern Azeri and Southern Azeri. From Turkey to the Caucasus, Iran, and Central Asia a huge portion of the ‘tribal” rugs are woven by weavers who are ethnically part of the Ohguz group.
Please see: Oguz versus Turkic/Southern a Linguistic Reassessment of the Turkish Languages .
Guides to Turkoman.htmTurkmen Rugs/Turkmen Rugs”>
Saryk Turkmen Rugs & Carpets
Eagle Group/Fine Brown Yomut