Turkmenistan Online:

Turkmen carpets are still recognized today even among the expert carpet dealers in the United States and Western Europe as “Bukhara carpets”. Bukhara is one of the ancient Oriental cities among the Silk Road where Turkmen people used to sell these beautiful hand-made wool textiles. Many world rug specialists consider these carpets (especially the antique masterpieces) as one of the most genuinely unique and high quality carpets in the world.

The main peculiarity of world-renowned Turkmen hand-made carpets is that they are actually woven from pure wool unlike most of Persian rugs where some cotton is blended to accelerate and simplify the rug weaving process. A special elastic pure wool yarn is spun from the wool of Turkmen “Saryja” sheep bred only in climate conditions of Turkmenistan from times immemorial – this wool is a major raw material for Turkmen textiles.

Various highly nutritional vegetation of local pastures attaches the most valuable properties to the wool of “Saryja” – high hygroscopy (the ability to easily absorb moisture from air and retrieve it back), effective protection from cold, high solidity of fibers, flexibility.

Turkmen hand-made carpets are made only from ecologically pure wool creating the most comfortable and aesthetic conditions.

An amazing beauty and longevity of Turkmen carpets is a result of magnificent carpet-weaving traditions that have attained high perfection and rich artistic expressiveness of the design during more than 4 thousand years of their existence.

Our carpets are antique-washed to give it a great sheen and the look of the world-renowned antique Turkmen rugs. Foundation, warps and wefts are all woven from the 100 % pure wool of the local “Saryja” (“yellowish” in Turkmen) breed of Turkmen sheep, which is considered to have superb characteristics superior even to the New Zealand wool.

Pazaryk carpet                    Pazaryk carpet ( Close-up)

“Pazaryk” – the oldest Turkmen” rug in the world – circa 4 Century BCE

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Yomut woman

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We predominantly use Persian double knots in our rugs. Our carpets normally have 200 000 – 350 000 knot per square meter, which is equivalent to 131 – 230 knots per square inch.

We are able to organize (with certain arrangements to be made) the production of wool carpets that would surpass our nation’s famous Akhal-Teke “Gushly-Gol” with 1.144 million knots per square meter. There are all essential facilities to achieve this because Turkmen women who weave these rugs are so exceptionally skilled as to produce masterpieces of carpet art such as portraits, perfectly woven on the carpets with extremely high yield of knots per square meter.

Teke woman weaving "Gushly gol"

Please see through our Catalog and select your dream carpet from a wide range of tribal textiles.

Turkmen carpets are the world-renowned handmade textiles of the Turkmen people. The most inspiring evidence of the fact that our rugs are a historical legacy is the “Pazyryk rug” found in the Altay mountains and carbon-dated to have been produced as early as in the 4 B.C.E. Pazaryk has major similarities to Turkmen carpets.

Traditions of carpet-weaving have ancient history on this blessed land. An Italian traveler Marco Polo was the first to mention the Turkmen carpets in XIII century. In the 12th chapter of his well-renowned manuscripts he writes: “The finest and the most beautiful carpets are made here and rich fabric of red and other colors are woven here.” Even if by the time of Marco Polo the Turkmen carpets had reached such fineness and beauty, it is not difficult to suppose that the roots go far back to the earlier period because a carpet is mainly a result of creative work of many generations of nameless weavers. In European Renaissance paintings one will be amazed at a number of Turkmen carpets. In “St John Altarpiece” by Hans Memling, we can view the archaic Turkmen Salyr (Chuval) Gol thought perhaps produced by the Turkmen weavers in Anatolia (Turkey). In “Still Life” by the same artist, one the most archaic Turkmen gols is depicted. The nomenclature for this gol is… “Memling Gol”.

“Carpet products such as chuvals, khorjuns, torbas (tent and saddle-bags) were intended to use for purposes of clothing, transportation of various household paraphernalia substituting camels, horses, nomad tents, wedding procession. Every day use of carpet products stipulated their form.

The archaic social system of the Turkmen people is known to have been characterized by the tribal structure. So in textbooks on carpets and carpet products are named by their tribal origin. The major Turkmen tribes are Teke (Tekke), Yomut (Yomud), Arsary (Ersary), Chowdur (Choudur), Saryk (Saryq), Salyr (Salor).

Origin of ornamental carpet designs has realistic basis. Reality surrounding a carpet-weaver was reflected in the carpet design: vegetation and animal kingdom, irrigated fields, etc. These designs that have preserved for centuries are of emphatic national character. Gols (Guls), carpet patterns of the central field, may be of different type.

Carpet articles are closely connected with the everyday life, and this fact determined their form. One of the most typical examples is the carpet doorhanging – “ensi”. Not large rectangular rug with clear-cut composition of the upper and lower sides. Ther lower band is usually wider than the upper sides. Ornamental patterns of ensi differ from the patterns of floor-coverings.

Carpets are symbol of Turkmen culture in general. Each Turkmen tribe owns its own unique motifs and 5 major ones are depicted on our national banner.

The largest collection of antique Turkmen textiles is located at the Turkmen National Carpet Museum that was opened in 1993 in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan. More than a thousand of 18th and 19th century carpets, khorjuns, chuvals, torbas are displayed.

The Largest Carpet in the World

The Turkmen people boast to have woven the largest wool carpet in the world in 2001 that made it even to the Guiness Book of Records. Its area is approximately 300 sq.m. (3333 sq.f.) and weighes almost 1.5 metric tons.

The Largest Carpet in the World

Although the art is ancient, it became truly popular only in the second half of the 19th century. Rugs were produced for nomadic and semi-nomadic Turkmen population. Needless to say, the Turkmen people had no contacts with the Europeans. When the first carpet exhibitions were held in Vienna and Berlin, the spectators were stunned by the original beauty of the masterpieces of yet unseen Oriental art.

Generic Turkmen patterns are predominantly geometric in design. Quite many variations of the red color are characteristic of the Turkmen weaving.