“The Cultural History of Turkmens of Iran (XIX-XX cc.)”
Author: Dr. Hangeldi OWNUK,
Editor an English: Elaine Harmston
Characteristics of the study
It is necessary to examine the issue in terms of:
More than one hundred years of Russian, and later Soviet Rule-based aggression in order to capture more territories in Central Asia was carried out between residents of northern Turkmenistan and Turkmnsehra, and subsequently, separation occurred. As a result of the rupture, families were ripped apart, and family members were unaware of each other across the border. Consequently, they were considered strangers to each other.
As a result of events among the inhabitants of the east coast of the Caspian Sea in the second half of the XIX century, with the confiscation of Central Asia by the Russians, political relations began to break down between Iran and Russia, and Russia led the nation and much of the Turkmenistan’s south.
The Plains of Gurgen (Desht-i Gorgan) or Turkmensahra are located in the south territories of River Atrak, until the “dense forest on the south slopes of the Alborz Mountains to the eastern corner of the continuity and the eastern side, is limited to the mountains of province Khorasan”  “Based on the available information, in 1992, the 1.5 million net Turkmen population live in over 20 thousand square meters of Turkmensahra.”[1]