اشعاری که در بند زندان های روسیّه سروده شده است

Hojanepes News – Dr.H.OWNUK: Web Abstract of this work:

Qayat Khan from the clan «Koer /Hasan-kuli Koer or Qoyunli Koer/», was born in the city Kumish-Depe in the 18th century in 1754. He has been trained as a skilled person due to his career dependence, inherited from a «forming Iron-work» master’s family, with an inherent talent. He has all kinds of commercial vehicles, caravans, naval and fishing, and Iron-work workshop. The events that occurred at that period date from the period of Mohammad Shah Qajar.

In the XVIII and XIX centuries during the Muhammad Shah Qajar periods, the Qajar feudal government was able to ruin the Turkmens by imposing heavy taxes on the nation, under the pretext of following the crackdowns of the Turkmen of Jafar-bay.



خوجه نفس نیوز – د. خ. اونق:

وب چکیده این اثر: قیات خان از طایفه “کُر /حسنقلی کُر یا قویونلی کُر/”، در قرن XVIII/م.، و در سال 1754/م.، در کومیش دپه به دنیا آمد. وی به سبب وابستگی شغلی که از یک خانواده استاد “آهنگری” به ارث برده است، با استعداد ذاتی، به عنوان شخصی ماهر به بار آمده است. وی از همه نوع اسباب و وسائل تجاری و کاروان بازرگانی، ناوهای دریائی و ماهیگیری و کارگاه آهنگری برخوردار بوده است.



جلد متن انگلیسی کتاب “قیاتخان یمودسکی” – The cover of book “Kiyat-khan Yomudskii_an English

Qiyat Khan, who had to suffer from the Qajar tyranny, with all his livelihoods, including fishing gear and iron-forging tools, He went from the Kumish Depe, first to the Esen-Quli /Hassanquli/ and then to Cheleken. …

Qayat Khan becomes a big businessman among the Turkmens of the Caspian coast.

During his period, he welcomed the first famous research /expedition delegation/ led by Carlin, and in the same year, the major Turkmen’s Congress called /Qorul-Tay/ led by Qayat Khan.

In this Congress, they decide to take Russian citizenship in order to preserve their homeland from the assaults of the assassination of the kings and emirs and the feudal chains of Iran, Bukhara, and Khiva. These documents, among the most important research evidence of great importance, and their sacrifices, which are also combined with poetry and literature, constitute the rich pages of the history of the homeland.

Qayat Khan Yomudski, for the first time, as the representative of the Turkmen in the two famous Peace Conference Golestan and Turkmenchay, which is taking place between Iran and Russia, and participated in a special delegation from the Turkmen of his homeland “Yomudistan”.[1]  The Caesar’s /Kayser/ used them as the awesomeness of Russian diplomacy. These peace accords in 1813. In the cities of Tbilisi and Qarabagh, the famous historic treaties are signed.

… This book deals with the events and occurrences that Qayat Khan and his son fighting were involved with.

In the course of these incidents, Yakhshi Mamed, along with his father Qayat Khan, with the conspiracy of Mohammad Shah Qajar, who had been bribed for arrest and imprisonment for the Russians was a long time in the jail. Eyes of Qayat Khan was blinded and then after 4 years died in Tbilisi. But Yaqshi Ma’med, on the path to the incident, was first transferred from Tbilisi prison to the Voronezh prison, then for a while time in the St. Petersburg Prison, and again returned to Voronezh prison. He is also dying there after 8 years. He wrote a series of events that he has spent in poetry in prison.

At the beginning of the event, the Russians, with the advice of Mohammad Shah Qajar, arrested Yakhshi Ma’med and taken to Baku. When Qayat Khan goes to seek his release, he too was also imprisoned. After six months, the prison authorities will deliver them to Tbilisi. Two years later, Qayat Khan, who had lost his eyes, he has died his life Tbilisi prison. After the death of Qayat Khan, they (two sons of Qayat Khan; Yakhshi Ma’med, an older and a younger son than Kadir-ma’med /Khdir Ma’med/) decide to put their children in the hands of the Russian government, in the hope of being released from prison.

Qadir Ma’mad, a brother of Yakshi Ma’med who was trying to release them outside of the prison, so, he along with three little children, two of whom were twelve-year-old twin brothers called “Hassan Ma’mamd and Annamamad (Mohammad)” and a boy of ten years old Qadir Ma’med called “Nazar-Ma’mad” comes to Tbilisi for delivery to the Russians.

They were hoping to return to their homeland. But when they understood that, despite their successive appeals and appeals, they’re did not fancy of releasing the prisoner, so, after visited of his father’s grave in Tbilisi, in 1845, Qadir returned to his homeland Cheleken.

Subsequently, in February 1845, the Russians sent Yakhshi Ma’med along with three of his children to the center of Russia. They decide will send Yakhshi Ma’med from Tbilisi to the Varunzh prison and transfer three of the children to the military training center based in the city of St. Piterburg. Along the way, Yakhshi Ma’med’s desires did not go on to accompany the children untill to St. Petersburg. Therefore, the agent of the Atashov government would delivered the Yakhshi Ma’med to Zhandermer Warunzh. And he goes along with the kids to the St. Piterburg city.

In the midst of the ice and extreme cold weather of Russia, Nazar Ma’med that he was still ten years old, to be sick. Atashov would waited until the healing of finding kid in a local area called “Supukhova” on the outskirts of Moscow.

In the spring of 1846’s, he brought three of this children to Peterburg. Therefore, they must be study at the Davariyan Army School on May 12 of the same year. Thus, Yakhshi Ma’med was very far away removed from his homeland. In addition of this situation, the reminder of the transfer and placement of children who other than the mother’s arms, they has not seen anything else, another place and still smelling of milk from their mouths, were taken to Petersburg to give to the Russians !!! … The body and soul of Yakhshi Ma’med did grilling.

Rope of lifes two of these kids were cut. In December 1845’s, Yakhshi Ma’med wanted to go to St. Piterburg to visit his children for only two months of leave, But his sending letter’s was not answered. However, in March 1847, Yakhshi Ma’med heard the news of the illness of his son Hasan Ma’med[2]. Because of this, the inability to continue studying, requests to bring the child to Varunz, to seek treatment:

The Russian text: «Мною получены севеденя о том, что один из моих сыновей Сердар Мухаммед «так болен, что не в силах продолжать более учение и прошу отправить его ко мне в Воронж для излечения и дальнейшего воспитание при себе».

Transliatin: “It has come to my notice that one of my sons, Sardar Mohammad, is very ill Because of he is not able to continue studying there. Please send him to nearby me to Varunzh for treatment and training.”

Yakhshi Ma’med, however desperate to meet his children has been Impatiently waiting was not in vain until after a month in April 1847, on the basis of general information from the From the army base, the news of the death of Esen Mamed /Hassan Muhammad/ was given.

After the authorities send Anna Mohammad and Nazar Mohammad after the completion of the training course in the Special Corps /Cadet/, to do the serving under the flag, they would be sent to the regiment of “Ulan” in the rank of acceleration of the Rotemaster in Belgrade. During this period, horoscope of Nazar Mohammad also did not move at it good.

When he was  undertaken to the Russia in 1844, he was 10 years old, so he died in June 1856, when he was 22 years old.

However, three children were taken to grab a Qayat Khan, among whom only one survives, and this is the same colonel (Palkovnik) Nikolai Anna mukhamed Khan Yomudsky is son Yakhshi Mamed. He grew up in the vast and prolific Russian Tsarist Empire and ranked upgraded to the degree of colonel. He has been familiar with all the diplomacy of the Russian Empire’s management apparatus. The same child, as a branch of the Qayat Khan generation, forms the foundation of the Yomudsky family in Turkmenistan. He was a resident of in Krasnowodsk as colonel Turkmenistan in life since 1886,[3]

One of the Khan Yomudsky sons, after the October Revolution, is appointed as the first head of the People’s Court of the People’s Republic of the new “Soviet Union’s Turkmenistan Republic” in Krasnowodsk. Year of (1917).

#تورکمنصحرا #قیاتخان #یاغشی_مامد #کومیش_دپه #تورکمنستان #آنانفسف_مراد #آکادمی_علوم_ترکمنستان #اونق #خانگلدی #واطان_تاریخی

 #мурад_аннанепесов#овнук#академия_наук_туркменистана  – #туркменистан#Ашхабад#антсср#история#институт_история –  #хангелди#turkmensahra#watan_taryhy#türkmenistanyň_ylymlar_akademiýasy


In other words, the surviving son of Yakshi Mamed, Nikolai Anna Muhammed, comes to the rank of colonel to serve his main home country Krasnovodsky (Kizilsuw or Shah-ghadam).

In the words of his father, Yakhshi Mamed:

آناحاسان هریان – هریانا باقار،
نصیپ اتسه آخئر دریا دا چئقار،
یادئما دوٚشنده جیگریم یاقار،
دادا گلدیم، پلک، سنینگ الینگدن


Anna Hassan is worried to every side,

He get out of the sea in future to backhome!,

(Eventually, my generation returns home from the sea.) And so did it.

From that same period, Family of Khan Yumudsky resident forever in there were lasting.

Among them, Laly Khan Yomudsky in the liberation movement of the “Atrek-Gorgan Turkmen in 1924, With the expediency of the First Secretary General of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Gaygasiz Atabayov To assist and set up a military school in Turkmen Sahra, goes there. —

Yakhshi Mamed has been an honored personality trained and the culture of friendship. He enjoys two new and old literacy and has been studied as the first Turkmen student of at the Georgian GIMNAZYA School of Geography in Russia. From poet Yakhshi Mamed, there are many poetry collections, some of which are available in the archives of the Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan. The Turkmen-accredited academy professor Murad Annanepesv has published a collection titled “Bendilike Yazilan Shygyrlar” or “Poems written in captivity /In prisonery/” or “Bands written in captivity” in the late 20th century. We hope to publish this book in Iran also.

Toronto – Dr. Khangeldi Onagh – December 2017

[1]. قبل از مرزبندی عهدنامه های گلستان و ترکمنچای این سرزمین ها به نام “یمودستان” مشهور بوده است که دوطرف مرز کنونی /تورکمنصحرا و استان بالکان/ را در بر می گرفت.

[2]. در این تقاضانامه یاغشی مأمد نام حاسان مأمد را “سردار مأمد” خطاب می کند.

[3] . بر حسب سالشماری میلادی و شواهدی که در مورد تاریخ تولد و وفات آنامخمد خان یمودسکی وجود دارد، تردید ایجاد می شود! با این حساب، آنا مخمد زمانی که در سال 1844/م.، به گرو سپرده شد، 12 ساله بوده است، لذا در سال 1886 وی 42 سال سن داشته است. آیا وی در 42 سالگی فوت کرده است!؟