Posts tagged ‘Social-Cultural’

William Irons, «The Yomut Turkmen: A Study of Social Organization among a Central Asian Turkic-speaking Population»

William Irons-PhD Michigan 1969

William Irons-PhD Michigan 1969

Department of Anthropology – Research and teaching interests: Evolutionary Ecology, Reproductive Strategies, Demography, Evolutionary Foundations of Morality and Religion, Pastoral Nomads and Middle East.

Biography:

William Irons did his is doctoral research on the Yomut Turkmen, a group of pastoral nomads in northern Iran.  He later returned to Iran for two more studies of the Yomut.  The last study was an extensive demographic and economic survey which provided data very useful for evolutionary analysis.

In 1976, he and Napoleon Chagnon organized a set of symposia on the use of behavioral ecology in anthropology for the 1976 annual meeting of the American Anthropological Association.  These symposia led to the publication, in 1979, of a volume edited by Chagnon and Irons entitled Evolutionary Biology and Human Social Behavior: An Anthropological Perspective.  This volume presented much of the earliest work in anthropology designed to evaluate evolutionary theories of behavior and culture. Read more…

Stunning 2200-Year-Old Mosaics Discovered in Ancient Greek City

Ancient mosaics discovered in ancient Greek city of zeugma

Ancient mosaics discovered in ancient Greek city of zeugma

Twisted Sifter Site: Three new mosaics were recently discovered in the ancient Greek city of Zeugma, which is located in the present-day province of Gaziantep in southern Turkey. The incredibly well-preserved mosaics date back to 2nd century BC.

Zeugma was considered one of the most important centers of the Eastern Roman Empire and the ancient city has provided a treasure trove of discoveries with 2000-3000 houses in remarkably good condition. Excavations at Zeugma started in 2007 and continue to this day.

Up until 2000 the ancient city was completely submerged underwater until a project to excavate the area received funding from a number of sources. There are still many areas of Zeugma—a city once home to nearly 80,000 inhabitants—left to excavate, including 25 houses still underwater. It’s exciting to think of what other discoveries remain to be found.

Photograph via iefimerida.gr

Photograph via iefimerida.gr

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ancient mosaics discovered in ancient greek city of zeugma (2)

Photograph via iefimerida.gr

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Sources:Hurriyet Daily News: New mosaics unearthed in ancient city of Zeugma

iefimerida: Stunning mosaics discovered in the ancient Greek city of Zeugma [Pictures & Videos]
Laughing Squid: Archaeologists Unearth Three Ancient Greek Mosaics in the Ongoing Excavation in Zeugma, Turkey

ancient mosaics discovered in ancient greek city of zeugma (3)

Photograph by AA Photos

ancient mosaics discovered in ancient greek city of zeugma (4)

Photograph by AA Photos

Travelling to Ashgabat the capital of Turkmenistan, Day 1

A hotel in Ashgabat city

A hotel in Ashgabat city

Web: Our Nomadic Life – We visited Ashgabat, Turkmenistan on a work trip. We hardly had any knowledge about this country (did not know even the name of the capital and where it is located), We managed to get some information via the web but it got us a bit worried as the country seems to be known as the North Korea of Central Asia!!!

This was an extremely rare opportunity for us to visit the country and fortunately our organization could issue us two invitation letters, as it is very difficult to enter Turkmenistan. In all, we stayed 5 nights in Ashgabat.

We flew from Jakarta to Ashgabat via Dubai. Ashgabat airport was really clean and shiny like a 5 star-hotel. But we hardly saw anyone there. Surprisingly, almost 30% of the passengers in our flight were Japanese and they seemed to be traveling on an organized tour. We wondered why they have chosen Turkmenistan for their holiday destination but we did not have a courage to ask them… Read more…

THE CULTURAL HISTORY of TURKMENS of IRAN (XIX-XX c.c.) Volume II – Dissertation – Defense in 1995.

EÝRAN TÜRKMENLERININ MEDENIÝETININ TARYHY (XIX-XX aa.)-1995

ИСТОРИЯ КУЛЬТУРЫ ТУРКМЕН ИРАНА (ХIХ-ХХ вв.) II Tom-защита диссертации 1995

ایران تورکمنلرینینگ مدنیّتینینگ تاریخی (قرون XIX-XX)  – 2 – جلد II – دسرتاسیا – 1995-دا قورالدی.

تاریخ فرهنگ ترکمن های ایران (قرون 19-20)- 2 – جلد II – دسرتاسیا – 1995 طی شد.

Complite of my dissertation-Latin-türkmen Complite of my dissertation-تورکمنچه-Türkmençe

Justin Trudeau and Liberal Party Prevail With Stunning Rout in Canada

Justin Trudeau

Justin Trudeau of the Liberal Party and his wife before giving his victory speech in Montreal.

The New York Times: OTTAWA — The nine-year reign of Prime Minister Stephen Harper and his Conservative Party came to a sudden and stunning end on Monday night at the hands of Justin Trudeau, the young leader of the Liberal Party.

Starting with a sweep of the Atlantic provinces, the Liberals capitalized on what many Canadians saw as Mr. Harper’s heavy-handed style, and the party went on to capture 184 of the 338 seats in the next House of Commons. The unexpected rout occurred 47 years after Mr. Trudeau’s father, Pierre Elliott Trudeau, first swept to power.

Justin Trudeau, who will be 44 on Christmas Day, will become Canada’s second-youngest prime minister and the first to follow a parent into office. Read more…

Muhammad biopic director calls for more movies about the prophet’s life

 A group of Iranians protestedtograph: Cristian Mijea/Cristian Mijea/Demotix/Corbis

A group of Iranians protested at the premiere of Muhammad: Messenger of God. Photograph: Cristian Mijea/Cristian Mijea/Demotix/Corbis

The Guardian: Speaking at the premiere of Muhammad: Messenger of God, Majid Majidi says further films would help improve understanding of Islam around the world

It had the potential to be one of the most inflammatory film projects of recent times. Yet the world premiere of Iranian director Majid Majidi’s biopic of the prophet Muhammad not only passed mostly without incident, but even amicably – with a surprise call for rapprochement between the religion’s Sunni and Shia sects.

A small group of protesters gathered outside the Imperial cinema, Montreal, where the premiere was held. Holding signs declaring, “Down with Islamic republic of Iran”, members of the city’s Iranian community objected to what they saw as a glorification of the Islamisation of Iran.

The mood inside the press conference for the film – the first on the subject since Moustapha Akkad’s 1977 film The Message, and the first to visually depict the prophet – was conciliatory. Majidi issued a direct invitation to a rival Qatari team currently developing their own Muhammad franchise to collaborate on future, Islam-themed projects.

“The more movies that are made about the prophet’s life, the better,” Majidi said at Montreal’s world film festival. “We hope the Qatari team will make a correct interpretation of Islam, and they are most welcome to come and film at our facilities in our country.”

In line with the more liberal Shia tradition of depicting the prophet, Majidi’s Muhammad: Messenger of God – the 171-minute first instalment of a projected trilogy – features shots of the prophet’s hands and legs as a baby, and the back of his head as an adolescent, but never shows his face.

 Majid Majidi speaking at a press conference for the film. Photograph: Clement Sabourin/AFP/Getty Images

Majid Majidi speaking at a press conference for the film. Photograph: Clement Sabourin/AFP/Getty Images

The director said he believed a more proactive approach was required from Islamic film-makers in the light of acts of terrorism that were shaping global perceptions of the faith. “We’ve been guilty of shortcomings in introducing the world to the real and true face of the prophet. There have been 200 movies about Jesus Christ, 100 featuring Moses directly or indirectly, 42 about Buddha, but only two on Muhammad. It’s a natural act of introduction to our culture.”

Actors on the set of the movie. Photograph: Mohammad Foghani/AFP/Getty Images

Actors on the set of the movie. Photograph: Mohammad Foghani/AFP/Getty Images

Outside the Muslim world, the film is expected to garner mostly specialist interest, despite an impressive international crew, including Apocalypse Now cinematographer Vittorio Storaro and Bollywood soundtrack maestro AR Rahman, as well as poster art redolent of The Passion of the Christ. This perhaps explains its inclusion at Montreal’s militantly arthouse festival, where Majidi, one of Iran’s breakthrough 1980s generation of directors, has strong links. Though its producers suggested that this year’s Charlie Hebdo killings had reduced the willingness of other festivals to consider it.

The Qatari project is far bigger in scope, currently tabling $1.2bn (£780m) across a franchise of seven films covering all the Abrahamic prophets, culminating in the life of Muhammad. In development at private company al-Noor for six years, the prospective series has Lord of the Rings producer Barrie Osborne in an advisory role. It aims to capitalise on the mainstream resurgence in religious-themed films that last year saw Noah gross $362.6m and Exodus: God and Kings $268m, as well as a raft of smaller projects mainly catering to America’s bible belt.

Producer Azahar Iqbal, also in attendance at Montreal, confirmed that his team were “open-minded” about a possible collaboration with Majidi. But he also stressed that their approach was both more constrained in terms of adhering to the traditional prohibition on representations of the prophet, and more free-ranging, with a fantasy-influenced, blockbuster-esque story outline designed to snare interest from Hollywood. “We’re not here to preach. We really want to work on something that works as entertainment,” Iqbal said.

 

Turkmenistan voted Best Country in the World

Turkmenistan is the undisputed winner of the WCA 2015

Turkmenistan is the undisputed winner of the WCA 2015

Media Mass: The Turkmens can be proud of their country as it has been voted Best Country in the World last night (Monday July, 27) during the annual WCA ceremony. The Turkmen people were also voted Nicest people on the planet.

More than a hundred prizes have been awarded during the 2015 World Countries Awards, the most prestigious international award ceremony in the world. A night to remember for the people of Turkmenistan as they swept nearly all the awards available.

Historic Win For Turkmenistan

The Turkmen team could hardly hide its excitement as the celebrations went on. “Are we surprised? Not really”, Turkmen Team leader told the journalist, speaking just after receiving the award for Most Humble People In The World. Read more…

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